Ovarian cancer is a cancer that starts in the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of reproductive organs located in the lower abdomen, one on each side of the uterus. Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer in women. Ovarian cancer typically affects women over the age of 50, although it can occur at any age.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer (may include):
– Pelvic or abdominal pain
– Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
– Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
– Urinary symptoms such as urgency and frequency
– Vaginal bleeding after menopause
Ovarian cancer can be difficult to diagnose, as its symptoms are often vague and can mimic those of other conditions.
Key Statistics (Cancer UK):
- There are around 7,500 new ovarian cancer cases in the UK every year, that’s 21 every day (2016-2018).
- In females in the UK, ovarian cancer is the 6th most common cancer, with around 7,500 new cases every year (2016-2018).
- Ovarian cancer accounts for 4% of all new cancer cases in females in the UK (2016-2018).
- Ovarian cancer accounts for 2% of all new cancer cases in females and males combined in the UK (2016-2018).
- Incidence rates for ovarian cancer in the UK are highest in females aged 75 to 79 (2016-2018).
- Each year more than a quarter (28%) of all new ovarian cancer cases in the UK are diagnosed in females aged 75 and over (2016-2018).
- Since the early 1990s, ovarian cancer incidence rates have remained stable in females in the UK (2016-2018).
- Over the last decade, ovarian cancer incidence rates have decreased by a twentieth (5%) in females in the UK (2016-2018).
- The most common specific location for ovarian cancers in the UK is the ovary itself (2016-2018).
There are various methods that can be used to diagnose ovarian cancer. One way is through an MRI pelvis gynaecological (magnetic resonance imaging). This is a type of scan that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create pictures of the inside of the body. If ovarian cancer is suspected, an MRI may be ordered. Another way to diagnose ovarian cancer is through ultrasound pelvis transvaginal. This is a test that uses sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. An ultrasound may be ordered if ovarian cancer is suspected. These are both tests with no radiation, so they are safe. These are just two examples of the many ways that ovarian cancer can be diagnosed. Each case is unique and will depend on a patient’s individual’s symptoms and medical history.
Certain imaging findings may suggest the presence of ovarian cancer. For example, an MRI may show a mass or tumour in the ovaries. Ultrasound may also reveal a mass or tumour, as well as enlargement of the ovaries. While these imaging findings do not always indicate ovarian cancer, they can be helpful in suggesting the diagnosis.
Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for improving outcomes.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with ovarian cancer, it is important to see your doctor for evaluation.
These scans can be booked directly with Vitalscan, or you can discuss with your GP or specialist.